The professional oral hygiene is one of the guaranties of dental health. Today this procedure becomes more and more important; as people understand that prevention done on time is better than recent and reliable treatments. And as the professional hygiene is one of the preventive procedures of dental illnesses, science pays to it more attention by exploring new methods.
Professional hygiene considerably differs from the private hygiene. The professional oral hygiene is being performed with different methods: ultrasonic cleaning with so called ‘Air-flow’ and ‘Perio-flow’ methods, with different toothbrushes, toothpastes, tools and other means such as floss, etc.
With ultrasonic devices the tartars are removed from above the gums and below them. For this purpose different instruments are used. ‘Air-flow’ and ‘Perio-flow’ appliances have identical functions. They are used to remove dental deposits. They clean perfectly both the soft deposits and pigmentations on the teeth, especially the so called smoke deposit which is structurally very thick and ropy.
The function of the appliances is the following: under the pressure of flow of air, water and special abrasive powder the deposit is removed. The difference is only in the zone to be cleaned and in the formulation of the powder. ‘Air-flow’ system is used to clean only the zones above gingiva line, and ‘Perio-flow’ is used for cleaning zones below gum-line. The powder used in these systems are also different, in the ‘Air-flow’ sodium bicarbonate crystals are used and in the ‘Perio-flow’- with glycerin base.
The procedures performed by ‘Air-flow’ and ‘Perio-flow’ systems have also their contraindications:
- illnesses of respiratory system, asthma
- kidney disease and no salt diet
- numerous caries
- different exacerbated illnesses of oral mucosa
- exacerbated periodontitis
- virus diseases, e.g. tuberculosis, HIV, hepatitis, etc.
After the procedure with the help of special brushes and pastes the teeth are burnished. This is done for the surface of the teeth would be smooth and possibly less dental deposits would gather.
The professional oral hygiene is done with regional anesthesia if necessary. It is preferable to do this procedure once in 6 months, and for smoking people and for people having insufficient oral hygiene it is recommended to perform this procedure once in 3-4 months.