Parodontosis (periodontal disease) is a disease of the teeth of primary degenerative nature. This means that periodontitis is an infringement of the trophic (food) jawbone and periodontal tissues (violation of updates tissues, circulatory disorders gums, impaired mineral metabolism).
Causes of gum disease are the changes caused by diseases of internal organs and systems (atherosclerosis, hypertension, vegetative dystonia), and bone disease (osteopenia).
There are three degrees of severity of this disease.
People always confuse parodontosis with periodontics. You should focus your attention on th Parodontosis is a long lasting disease. In its development it goes through several stages. The first stage is gingivitis is gums inflammation. Gums itch, there is absence of freshness, the feeling that gums become friable; all these are characteristic of gingivitis, which is sometimes hardly observed because it looks a little bit oedematic, and can be observed only by the stomatologist. These sensations appear rarely and disappear fast.
Later appears a gum bleeding, but still it is not meaningful: after tooth cleaning you have observed in the used tooth paste a small vein of blood. Some patients feel an ache in the gums, which appears while tooth cleaning and while eating heavy food.
But the ache is still not sharp; it does not scare the patients and does not make them go to the doctor. Especially if the pain disappears in two or three days. Usually patients ask for the doctor’s help, when the neck of the tooth becomes naked, and when the dental-gingival recess are formed. At this stage gums bleeding and painful sensations occur often. Considering the fact that parodontosis is a disease, which can infect everyone, it would be better to remember those three principal rules of the prophylaxis. And also, the rules are obligatory for the patients who suffer from parodontosis. e differences of their origin and the flow of the diseas.
TREATMENT OF PARODONTOSIS
One of the reasons why periodontal diseases grow progressively worse is poor oral hygiene or simply plaque. Patients are often afraid of removing plaque because of the fear to loose their “last teeth”, i.e. the teeth they have. Almost everyone keeps in mind those “awful metallic scalers” which were used for scaling dental tartar in the past. But now everything is changed!
New ultrasound methods are absolutely painless. In complicated cases we make periodontal operations allowing us to cut tooth mobility and pull the gum if the teeth are uncovered. If a patient is at risk for tooth loss or has large bone pockets we would offer to replant bone tissues and use special membranes. These methods let us stop inflammation.
Our specialists also know the most advanced techniques (nonoperational) of restorative medicine applied for treating periodontal diseases. They include laser therapy (laser beaming of gum inflamed tissues) and photophoresis (administration of medicines into gums by means of laser). Due to these methods for complex treatment of periodontal diseases in most cases we will be able not only stop the inflammation process in periodontal tissues but also prolong the therapeutic effect as much as possible. After eliminating inflammation we recommend our patients special prosthetic methods helpful for preserving the integrity of dentitions.